Tympanoplasty with Mastoidectomy is a surgery advised to patients who are undergoing ear treatments and medicines that are not effective. This surgery is then performed on patients to solve the middle ear problems present in both the eardrum and the bones of the middle ear. This surgery is carried out so that the infection doesn’t affect the mastoid bone and cause damage.
Stapedectomy is the process of surgical removal of stapes and insertion of the prostheses. This is done to restore the hearing ability of an individual. Patients who are either suffering from otosclerosis or those who experience significant hearing loss need to undergo Stapedectomy. Stapedectomy has proven to be highly effective in restoring the hearing ability of people.
A Cochlear implant is a device that is used to enhance the hearing ability of people who are unable to hear even with the help of a hearing aid. Cochlear implants use a sound processor that needs to be fitted behind the ear. This processor captures the sound and sends it directly to the inner ear surpassing the damaged parts. These signals stimulate the auditory nerve to send signals to the brain.
Nasal Cavity Cancers get developed due to smoking at times. These tumourous tissues need to be removed so that the case doesn’t become severe. Nasal Tumour Surgeries are done to remove tumorous tissues and a few normal tissues from the surrounding areas to ensure no cancer cells remain.
An Endoscopic DCR is a surgery carried out when a person is suffering from Epiphora. Epiphora is a condition when normal tearing of the eye doesn’t happen a new path is created for tears to drain between the eyes and nose. This surgery is mostly done when your tear duct gets blocked. It can be done through endoscopy or an incision on the skin as suggested by your doctor.
It is the most common surgery performed to remove gallbladder stones along with the gallbladder from the patient’s body. A tiny camera and special surgical tools are inserted into the abdomen and then gallbladder stones along with the gallbladder are removed.
This is the minimally invasive surgery done to remove the gallbladder from the patient’s body before it starts causing problems.
A hernia occurs when an internal organ protrudes through the wall of the muscles. The main reason of cause of hernia is the combination of pressure and weakness of a muscle.
Laparoscopic Surgery for Hernia is done to treat recurrent Inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia, and incisional hernia. In this, the Hernia sac is removed from the abdominal wall and a prosthetic mesh is placed to cover the hernia defect.
The appendix is a small, thin pouch connected to the large intestine where the poo forms. Appendix gets affected because of various infections such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites in one’s digestive tract. This can cause sudden pain in the right side of your lower abdomen.
The appendix is a medical emergency and calls for immediate medical help and care. It can be treated through a laparoscopic procedure through which the appendix is removed.
Piles are haemorrhoids that contain enlarged blood vessels that are found either inside or around the anus. Due to strain during bowel movements pressure in the rectal area increases which causes piles.
These haemorrhoids are treated through cryosurgery through the application of freezing cells and tissues by the use of Nitrous oxide.
Varicose Veins are those veins which are close to the skin’s surface. These veins become twisted or enlarged due to an increase in pressure due to walking or standing.
Varicose veins are usually caused by weak vein walls and valves which interrupt the blood flow. These are treated through surgeries where enlarged veins are removed.
The uterus is the womb, the part of the female body where the baby grows during pregnancy. There are two types of Hysterectomy- partial ( where the uterus is removed leaving the cervix intact) and total ( where both the uterus and cervix are removed).
Total Abdominal Hysterectomy is done in case of tumours in the uterus and when there is excessive bleeding per vaginum that does not respond to the medical treatment.
A vaginal Hysterectomy is done to treat a prolapsed uterus. A Uterus prolapses when the floor muscles have weakened and do not provide enough support for the uterus and the uterus comes down and starts to protrude out of the vagina. The uterus is detached from ovaries, fallopian tubes, upper vagina, and blood vessels that are connected to it before it is removed from the body through the vaginal route.
Caesarean Section, commonly known as C-Section delivery is a surgery done for the delivery of the baby through an incisional cut in the abdomen. This is done for females who have complications in delivering the baby normally.
In this surgery, the abdomen of the female is cut to reach the uterus which is cut to reach the baby for its delivery.
Abdominal Myomectomy is an “open” myomectomy whose primary aim is to preserve the uterus of the female in the surgery. It is done to remove the cancerous tissues present on the walls of the uterus by the abdominal route.
In this surgery, an incision is made in the lower abdomen also known as a ‘Bikini cut’. This cut is made to reach the uterus bearing the tumour and then the tumour is removed while the uterus is preserved.
Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy is a minimally invasive surgery done to remove tumours from the ovary of a female. In this surgery, an incision is made near your navel to reach your ovaries. A few more incisions may be made in the lower abdomen. Then a laparoscope is inserted through the incision and the fibroids from the ovaries are removed.
Micro Neurosurgery for brain Tumours is done to treat brain tumours of different sizes located at different locations in the brain. In this surgery, a small incision is made in the skull and the blood supply to the rest of the body is cut off. Then the blood supply is cut off to the part of the brain which is operated on. Then the tumourous tissues are removed by doing the minimum possible damage to the healthy tissues. Once done, the blood supply to the body is restored.
Slip Disc surgery is done to treat the Slip disc or Sciatica ( pain that travels through the Sciatica nerve. The sciatica nerve travels from the lower back through the hips and down to each leg.)
In this operation, part of the disc which is causing compression over the nerve roots is removed under the magnification of a microscope to minimize the injury to the neural tissue.
A cataract is an eye problem which causes cloudy vision. This happens because the power of the natural lens of the eye has decreased.
Cataract surgery is done to improve vision. Phaco IOL is a way of cataract surgery eye’s internal lens is emulsified using ultrasonic energy and then is replaced with an IOL lens implant.
A glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve. When the pressure inside the eye increases it damages the optic nerve which sends visual signals to the brain. Glaucoma surgery is done to count the pressure of an individual’s eye. It cannot cure your vision but can stop your vision from getting worse.
An intravitreal Injection is a shot of medicine in the eye of the person. Various retinal medical conditions are monitored before being treated through Intravitreal injection shots. This is mainly done to stop the growth of blood vessels in the eye. They are caused due to either blockage in the retina because of High Blood Pressure or changes in Retina due to diabetes also termed Diabetes Macular Edema.
PTOSIS is a condition witnessed in both children and adults. PTOSIS is a condition when the upper eyelids droop over the eye thus resulting in blurred vision.
PTOSIS in children is congenital which is an abnormality from birth and can be treated when the child reaches 3 to 4 years.
PTOSIS can be treated so that your vision doesn’t become worse by tightening the muscle that lifts your upper eyelid.
The hip is one of the largest bone’s in the human body which is a type of ball and socket joint. If in case your hip is damaged your normal work like walking, swimming, and dancing will seem to be difficult. In such cases, you need to go for Total Hip Replacement Surgery.
Your hips can be damaged due to fractures, diseases, arthritis or any other condition. In all these scenarios you may need a THR.
Total knee replacement surgeries are suggested by the doctor if you feel severe pain and stiffness in your knee joint which limits your day-to-day activities. Chronic knee inflammation, knee deformity, and or knee damage due to arthritis are a few other reasons why you may get recommended for a total knee replacement surgery.
Ligaments are tissues that connect and stabilise bones. A multi-ligament knee injury involves injury to two or more ligaments of the knee. These injuries arise due to severe falls from heights or severe motor vehicle accidents or injuries during playing games like football.
To rebuild these damaged tissues in the knee area one needs to undergo Multi-Ligament Reconstruction Surgery.
ACL/PCL Reconstruction surgery is done to repair the injury in ligaments or cartilage or meniscus. When you get injured in the knee and physiotherapy proves to be of no use anymore you need to get your knee repaired.
ACL/PCL Reconstruction Surgery is done basically for painful and unstable knees.
Club Foot is a condition where the foot and ankle of a person are already permanently twisted. The ligaments and tendons are too tight which restricts the movement of the foot. It is a congenital deformity which means it is by birth and is diagnosed immediately after birth. It can be treated through casting as well as minor surgery.
Development Dysplasia is a condition where the ball and socket of the hip do not develop properly in babies and young children. This is often called Congenital Hip dislocation. This is treated through surgery where the hip ball is relocated and placed back in its socket with the help of K-wire osteotomy.
Shoulder instability occurs when the upper arm bone’s head slips out of the shoulder socket. This might happen due to an accident or a fall. When the shoulder is loose and slips out of its place repeatedly and regularly it is termed chronic shoulder instability. This instability is treated through Recurrent Shoulder Surgery.
When someone has suffered from a severe accident or a traumatic injury and his face is damaged, the deformities on the face are treated by face cosmetic surgery.
To treat the fractures of the facial bones and deformities of the soft facial tissues fillers also called silicone implants are used along with microplates for rigid fixation.
Rhinoplasty is a surgery that changes the shape of the nose. The main aim behind the surgery may be to change the appearance of the nose, improve breathing or both.
In Rhinoplasty, incisions are made inside the nose so that no scar is left on the nose that can be visible. Then the shape, size, or contour of the nose is improved as per the requirement.
The cosmetic surgeries done for breasts are also called Mammoplasty. There are three types of mammoplasty: Breast Augmentation, Breast Reduction, and Mastopexy.
In Breast Augmentation, silicone implants are used to increase the size of breasts whereas in Breast Reduction and Mastopexy breasts size is reduced and they are reshaped.
The purpose of each surgery is to reshape the size of the breast to increase confidence in females.
When the person is burnt due to an accident or accident burn surgeries are done to preserve the skin or organs of the person. There are two types of burn surgeries- acute and reconstructive.
Acute surgeries are done right after the injury to provide acute burn care.
Reconstructive burn surgeries are done after the initial burn wound has healed. These surgeries are done to repair both the function and the cosmetic appearance of the scars.
Liposuction and Abdominoplasty is a surgery used to treat the condition obesity. In this surgery excess fat is removed from a person’s body through suction.
In Liposuction, through a small hole excess fat in the body is sucked out.
In Abdominoplasty, through a small hole excess fat along with the skin is sucked out.
Reconstructive Surgeries are done to restore normal function and form of the tissue which are rendered injured or compromised because of trauma, infection, cancer, or Congenital reasons. There are various types of reconstructive surgeries done to recover or repair the various body parts by skin grafting or flap covers.
The Condition of having two or more fingers and toes wholly or partially joined together is termed Syndactyly. The surgery done to separate the joined fingers of the hand or toes is syndactyly surgery. This surgery is performed through various different techniques like Reverse W-M flap, M-V flap, Flatt technique, Dorsal omega flap, etc.
Hand surgeries are done to treat any deformity in the hand whether in its form or its function. There are various procedures involved in treating hand surgeries. These procedures include Tendon repair, Nerve repair, etc. In, Tendon repair the surgeon cuts your wrist, hand, or finger so that they can locate the ends of the divided tendon and stitch them together. In nerve repair, the surgeon removes the damaged nerves and joins the healthy ends together.
Micro Vascular Surgery is a surgery that is done to maintain an adequate supply of blood in all parts of the body. This surgery is done through magnification on very small blood vessels using ultrafine sutures.
It is used to attach amputated parts of the body to one another by reconnecting the small blood vessels to restore the blood supply in the body.
A brow lift is also known as a forehead lift and forehead rejuvenation. It is a cosmetic procedure done to lift the brows to improve the appearance of the forehead.
Facelift surgery is a cosmetic procedure done to tighten the sagging skin to provide a youthful appearance to a person.
Mouth Cancer Surgery is done to treat cancer of the oral cavity, cheeks, tongue, and upper and lower jaws. Surgical Reconstruction after oral surgery is needed to restore the appearance, structure, and function that is affected during oral surgery.
If you have oral cancer, the cancerous tissues are removed along with some surrounding tissues so that the cancer cannot revert back. This process is followed by plastic surgery to restore appearance.
Gallbladder cancer is the abnormal growth of cells that begins in the Gallbladder. However, this cancer is not common and this is why not detected at a very early stage.
When this cancer is detected it should be immediately treated before it spreads. This is done by removing the Gallbladder along with a small part of the liver and nearby lymph glands of the region.
Gynaecological Oncology is a field of medicine which specially deals with problems and cancers in female reproductive organs. Female reproductive organs are sensitive areas and Gynaecological cancer is cancer that starts in a female reproductive organ. There are various types of gynaecological cancer. These include Cervical cancer, Ovarian cancer, Uterine cancer, Vulvar cancer, and Vaginal cancer.
Cancer that forms in the cells of the breast is called Breast Cancer. Breast Cancer can occur in both men and women however, it is more common in women.
If you find a lump or sudden change in the size of your breast or feel any redness on the skin of your breast or some unexplainable pain, you need to visit a doctor as these can be signs of Breast Cancer.
Colon and Rectal cancer is mostly seen in people above 50 years of age. However, it can develop at any age. These cancers do not have any specific symptoms but can be detected by screening. However, if you experience abdominal discomfort or any change in stool consistency or see blood in stool you need to contact a doctor as these can be warning signs of colon or rectal cancer.
If you recognise this at a later stage you will have to undergo surgery. However, earlier detection can save you from surgery as doctors do have some other ways to treat these problems
Mini PCNL surgery is the minimally invasive treatment for the removal of kidney stones. PCNL surgery begins with making a small incision in the skin after which a small camera is inserted into the kidney. A special instrument is used to break the kidney stones into smaller pieces after which these pieces are sucked out.
Bipolar TURP (Transurethral Resection of the prostate) is a minimally invasive surgery done for the enlargement of the prostate (BPH). This surgery is carried out using a special instrument named Resectoscope with the bipolar current. The machine cuts the enlarged prostate into small chip-like pieces to make it easily come out.
Radical Cystectomy is a major operation done to treat Urinary bladder cancer. In men, it includes the removal of the prostate and seminal vesicles. In women, it includes the removal of the uterus, fallopian tube, ovaries, and part of the vagina. A new path for urine removal is also created termed Urinary Diversion.
Urethroplasty is a minor surgery done under Spinal Anaesthesia to treat the patient’s urethra that is narrowing which causes a problem in urination.
Urethroplasty is done to repair or replace your urethra when there is a formation of scar tissue. The surgeon either connects the two ends of your urethra after cutting the scar tissue or borrows tissues from elsewhere in your body to rebuild the portion of the urethra that is blocked.
Vaginal Uretero Fistula Repair is a surgery done to correct the leakage of urine per vagina due to wrong communication between urinary and genital tracts in females. It is done to restore the continuity of the urinary tract and protect kidney functioning. It is an advanced pelvic surgery where the urine leakage is corrected via advanced operation disconnecting the wrong channel surgically.